RThPh 2001/IV, p. 455-464.

Marcel GAUCHET
Religion, éthique et démocratie

Résumé
L’auteur examine successivement les notions de religion, d’éthique et de démocratie, en s’appuyant sur les transformations profondes intervenues en modernité. La religion, traditionnellement comprise comme l’organisation de l’hétéronomie, a subi les effets de la transition moderne, orientée vers l’autonomie. Or nous sommes à la fin de cette transition moderne, ce qui a pour conséquence de changer radicalement le statut et le sens de la religion, comprise de plus en plus comme une expérience privée, n’ayant pas de prise sur le politique. La religion en retrouve néanmoins une nouvelle portée culturelle dans l’espace public. L’éthique participe d’une même transformation, devant jouer sur deux registres, celui de la morale d’une part, de l’assignation individuelle croissante des questions existentielles d’autre part.

M. GAUCHET, Religion, Ethics and Democracy, RThPh 2001/IV, p. 455-464.
Looking successively at the notions of religion, ethics and democracy, the author pays particular attention to profound transformations in modem times. Religion, traditionally understood as the organisation of heteronomy, has suffered the effects of the modern transition toward autonomy. At the end of this transition, we see a radical change of the status and meaning of religion, now understood more and more as a private experience with no hold on politics, yet gaining, nevertheless, new cultural influence in the public realm. Ethics, in similar transition, plays a role on two levels: in morality and in the growing affectation of existential questions to the individual.

M. GAUCHET, Religion, Ethics and Democracy, RThPh 2001, IV, p. 455-464.
Looking successively at the notions of religion, ethics and democracy, the author pays particular attention to profound transformations in modem times. Religion, traditionally understood as the organisation of heteronomy, has suffered the effects of the modern transition toward autonomy. At the end of this transition, we see a radical change of the status and meaning of religion, now understood more and more as a private experience with no hold on politics, yet gaining, nevertheless, new cultural influence in the public realm. Ethics, in similar transition, plays a role on two levels: in morality and in the growing affectation of existential questions to the individual.